Today in History – The Boston Globe
In 1838, Queen Victoria of Great Britain was crowned at Westminster Abbey.
In 1863, during the Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln appointed Major-General George G. Meade as the new commander of the Army of the Potomac, following the resignation of Major-General Joseph Hooker.
In 1914, Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife, Sophie, were shot dead in Sarajevo by Serbian nationalist Gavrilo Princip – an act that started World War I.
In 1919, the Treaty of Versailles was signed in France, ending the First World War.
In 1940, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the Alien Registration Act, also known as the Smith Act, which required adult aliens residing in the United States to be registered and their fingerprints taken.
In 1950, North Korean forces captured Seoul, the capital of South Korea.
In 1951, a television version of the comedy radio show “Amos ‘N’ Andy” premiered on CBS. (It was the first network TV series to feature an all-black cast, but was criticized for racial stereotypes.)
In 1964, civil rights activist Malcolm X said, “We want equality by all means necessary” at the founding rally of the Organization of African American Unity in New York.
In 1978, the Supreme Court ordered the University of California-Davis School of Medicine to admit Allan Bakke, a white man who claimed to have suffered reverse racial discrimination.
In 2000, seven months after being thrown adrift in the Strait of Florida, Elian Gonzalez was returned to his native Cuba.
In 2010, West Virginia Democrat Senator Robert C. Byrd, the longest-serving senator in the country’s history, died at the age of 92 in Falls Church, Virginia. The Supreme Court ruled, 5-4, that Americans have the right to own a gun for self-defense wherever they live.
In 2011, Taliban fighters attacked an international hotel in Kabul and killed 10 people on the eve of a conference to discuss plans for Afghan forces to take over security when international troops left by the end of 2014.
In 2013, tens of thousands of supporters and opponents of Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi gathered in Cairo, and the two sides clashed in the country’s second largest city, Alexandria, where two people – including an American – were killed and dozens injured. The four plaintiffs in the U.S. Supreme Court case that overturned California’s ban on same-sex marriage got married, just hours after a federal appeals court allowed same-sex couples to obtain legal aid. marriage licenses in the state for the first time in 4.5 years.
In 2016, House Republicans concluded their two-year, $ 7 million investigation into the deadly Benghazi attacks, Libya, with new accusations of fatal mistakes by the Obama administration, but no “smoking gun.” pointing to the wrongdoing of Hillary Clinton, who said the report “found nothing, nothing to contradict” the findings of previous investigations. Three suicide bombers armed with assault rifles stormed Istanbul Atatürk Airport, killing 44 people and injuring nearly 150; no one claimed responsibility, but Turkish officials said they suspected ISIS. Death claimed Pat Summitt, the most successful coach in the history of major college basketball, at 64; former professional football coach Buddy Ryan at 85; and pioneering rock guitarist Scotty Moore at the age of 84.
In 2019, self-confessed white supremacist James Alex Fields, who deliberately drove his car through a mob of counter-protesters in Charlottesville, Va., Killing a young woman and injuring dozens, apologized to his victims before d ‘be sentenced to life in prison for federal hate crimes. .
In 2020, a St. Louis couple, Mark and Patricia McCloskey, brandished guns against protesters who marched down their private street amid nationwide protests of racial injustice. (The McCloskeys, who were originally charged with felony charges including unlawful use of a weapon, pleaded guilty to misdemeanor charges and agreed to relinquish the weapons they used in the confrontation. President Donald Trump tweeted approving a video showing one of his supporters. chanting “white power”, a racist slogan associated with white supremacists. (Trump then deleted the tweet, and the White House said he had not heard “the only statement” on the video.) Trump has denied being made aware of the findings by US intelligence officials that the Russia had offered bounties to militants for killing US troops in Afghanistan. The world has passed two coronavirus-related milestones – 500,000 confirmed deaths, 10 million confirmed cases, while also hitting another record for new daily infections. California Governor Gavin Newsom ordered the immediate closure of bars that had opened in seven counties and urged bars in eight other counties to do the same, amid the rapid spread of the coronavirus in parts of the state.